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Cách viết IELTS Writing: Advantages & Disadvantages essay

IELTS Writing là một phần thi được đánh giá khó nhằn và khó lấy điểm nhất trong bốn phần thi IELTS. Nó bao hàm rất nhiều chủ đề kiến thức đa dạng. Trong đó dạng chủ đề Advantages & Disadvantages chính là thể loại essay thường được gặp trong các đề thi.

Ngày hôm nay, upfile sẽ gửi đến các bạn bài viết IELTS Writing: Advantages & Disadvantages essay. Hãy cùng chung tôi tìm hiểu nhé!

IELTS Writing: Advantages & Disadvantages essay
IELTS Writing: Advantages & Disadvantages essay

1. Tổng quan cách viết dạng Advantages & Disadvantages essay

1.1. Phương thức để nhận biết

Với dạng bài viết Advantages – Disadvantages đề bài sẽ đưa ra cho bạn một vấn đề hoặc ý kiến và yêu cầu các bạn phải chỉ ra những nhược điểm cũng như các ưu điểm của nó.

Thông thường dạng bài viết Advantages – Disadvantages được chia làm thành 2 loại:

Loại 1: Chỉ liệt kê ra những ưu điểm và nhược điểm

Ví dụ:Knowledge is now instantly accessible to individuals worldwide via computers and smartphones thanks to the internet. A lot of this information is also free. Describe this trend’s benefits and drawbacks.

Loại 2: Người viết cần chỉ ra liệu những ưu điểm có lấn át được nhược điểm hay không

Ví dụ: Some professionals feel that primary school is the ideal time for kids to start learning a foreign language rather than secondary school. Do the benefits outweigh the drawbacks in this situation?

-> Qua đó, Chúng ta có thể thấy về căn bản thì 2 dạng bài viết này đều đòi hỏi người viết viết về những ưu và nhược điểm của vấn đề, tuy nhiên với loại 2 thì các bạn cần phải khẳng định rõ trong bài viết của bản thân mình cái nào chiếm ưu thế hơn từ phần mở bài cho đến khi kết bài.

1.2. Bố cục bài viết Advantages – Disadvantages essay

Bố cục của một bài viết có dạng Advantages – Disadvantages bao gồm 3 phần chính:

Không có Outweigh


  • Introduction: 1 đoạn
  • Body: 2 đoạn: Body 1: Advantage, Body 2: Disadvantage
  • Conclusion: 1 đoạn

Có Outweigh


  • Introduction: 1 đoạn
  • Body: 2 đoạn

Body 1: Cái nào chiếm ưu thế ít

Body 2: Cái chiếm ưu thế nhiều hơn

  • Conclusion: 1 đoạn

Xem thêm:

1.3. Template gợi ý cho dạng bài viết Advantage- Disadvantage

Template gợi ý cho dạng bài Advantage- Disadvantage
Template gợi ý cho dạng bài Advantage- Disadvantage

Không có Outweigh


  • The advantages and disadvantages of this trend will be covered in this essay.
  • There will be some advantages to this trend, but there will also be some disadvantages.

Body #1

Topic sentenceOn the one hand, there are several reasons why N is beneficial
Advantage #1Firstly, ….
Advantage #2Secondly, …

Body #2

Topic sentenceOn the other hand, there are a number of disadvantages of ……that people should take into consideration
Disadvantage #1The principal one is that ….
Disadvantage #2In addition, ….


In conclusion, … could bring about certain benefits, but its negative consequences should not be overlooked

Có Outweigh


Advantage > disadvantageIn my opinion, the benefits of ….outweigh its drawbacks
Advantage < disadvantageEven while this evolution might have certain advantages, I’d say they outweigh the disadvantages.


Advantage > Disadvantage

Topic sentence
Body 1On the one hand, …..offers people several benefits
Body 2On the other hand, I believe that the aforementioned benefits come at the expense of more significant disadvantages.

Advantage < Disadvantage

Topic sentence
Body 1When S + V, several problems can be anticipated.
Body 2In spite of the drawbacks mentioned above, I believe that ………. is a positive measure/ trend/ development


Advantage > disadvantageIn conclusion, while………may have some positive aspects, I believe they are outweighed by the more significant negative aspects.
Advantage < disadvantageIn conclusion, it seems to me that the disadvantages of ……… are more considerable than its advantages.

2. Bài mẫu

Bài mẫu 1

Topic: Many foods are shipped from far away. Some people think that eating local foods is more environmentally and economically. Do you think the advantages outweigh its disadvantages?

Bài mẫu IELTS Writing
Bài mẫu IELTS Writing

In this contemporary era of fierce rivalry, the transportation of a large variety of goods from different cities or nations may negatively affect locally produced food. But in my opinion, the latter clearly has more advantages than drawbacks.

On the surface, eating locally grown food appears to have certain disadvantages. One of them is the absence of uncommon or diverse tastes. People in Vietnam today, for example, would grow tired of having a small selection of food options or would never have the opportunity to try, and likely enjoy, the taste of, a similar type of food that is actually imported from other countries, such as Kobe beef from Japan, if they did not have access to strange food from far away.

However, compared with food transported from other regions, eating food produced locally is significantly more beneficial in economic, environmental, and educational terms. From an economic point of view, local food does not involve excessive transportation leading to higher and higher costs, especially with increasing fuel prices taken into account. This is also associated with less damaging effects on the environment related to the shipping of food products by plane from abroad. In terms of education, consuming local food helps nurture patriotism among young generations, orienting them towards preserving and developing the sense of using indigenous products. In today’s world of globalization, the effort to consume local food is thus playing an indispensable role in maintaining the identity of each and every local culture.

In a word, the downside of eating locally produced food is outweighed by its upside. This is, in actual fact, true from economic, environmental, and educational viewpoints.

Bài mẫu 2

Topic: Computers are becoming an essential part of education. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages and give your own opinion.

Information technology is increasingly being used in education. This essay will demonstrate how this is a positive development that can improve instructional methods. It will first state that the instant access to a vast amount of information is the main benefit, and then it will discuss how this can occasionally result in plagiarism.

The main benefit computers bring to learners is easy access to vast amounts resources. Learners were once limited to the books they had and the knowledge of their teacher, now they can learn about anything they choose at the touch of a button. Google is a prime example, because it allows people to easily search for whatever they are looking for quickly and accurately.

One potential negative is that students may occasionally duplicate material from the internet when using the internet to perform academic work. Students learn relatively little as a result of not having to think much about their assignments. According to a recent piece in The Sunday Times, 72% of college graduates in the UK admitted to copying and pasting passages from Wikipedia at least once.

The majority of students will use the power of the information superhighway to further their education rather than utilizing it to cheat, making it a very beneficial development overall. For instance, a 2005 study by Cambridge University indicated that students who utilized computers frequently had a 26% higher chance of graduating with a first-class degree than those who did not.

In conclusion, the web has provided a gateway to knowledge unlike anything seen before and although it can sometimes lead to a few taking the easy route and plagiarizing, it is a very positive step in the evolution of education.

Trên đây là bài viết cách viết IELTS Writing: Advantages & Disadvantages essay. Hy vọng bài viết này sẽ giúp các bạn có thể nắm chắc và đặc điểm cao trong phần thi IELTS Writing nếu gặp dạng bài trên. Và để ôn luyện tốt hơn, bạn có thể tham khảo nhiều Ebook luyện thi IELTS của chúng tôi nhé!